Friday, January 29, 2010

The Letters Of A Prophet to The World

Ahh, found it.

Findings - Review of literature

The prophet sent ambassadors to:

1. Heraclius, Emperor of Bayzantines ( Eastern Roman Empire)

2. Chosroes II ( Emperor of Persian Empire)

3. Negus, King of Abyssinia

4. Muqawqis, Ruler of Egypt

5. Harith Gassani, Governor of Syria

6. Al- Mundhir bin Sawa, Ruler of Bahrain

The dominion, prestige, splendour and might of the above kings and rulers who devided the world among themselves during the seventh century, would indicate what a memorable step was taken by the prophet.

The wording of the Prophet’s letters was similar. The text of the letter sent to Heraclius was as follows:

“In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. This letter is from Muhammad the slave of Allah and his Apostle to Heraclius, the ruler of the Byzantines. Peace be upon him who follows the right path. Furthermore, I invite you to Islam and if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be committing a sin by misguiding your subjects. And I recite to you Allah's statement:

“O People of the Scriptures! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship none but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords beside Allah. Then if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah). (Qur’an: Surah 3, Ayah 64).”

All the Prophet's letters were stamped with the words: “Muhammad Rasul-ullah" (Muhammad the Messenger of Allah). Three of the Prophet’s letters have been preserved.

The reactions of the Monarchs were deferent. Heraclius, Negus and Muqauqis received the letter from the Prophet with all due respect that each gave a courteous reply. Negus and Muqauqis showed the highest regard to the envoys. Chosroes II was indignant, he tore the letter into pieces, saying, “My slave dares to write me thus” when his reply was conveyed to the prophet, he said, “ even so shall God shatter his kingdom to pieces.” Choroes II wrote to Badhan, who was his governor in Yemen, to get the prophet sent to him in Ctesiphon. Badhan deputed Babwayh to tell the prophet what Choroes II had written to him and that he had come to take him to the king. But when Babwayh came to Medina, the prophet told him. “ God has given Sherveh power his father and he has killed Choroes II.” The prophecy of the prophet was the reason that the ruler of Yemen became a Muslim, when the news came to him afterwards identical to what the prophet stated.

Taken from

Further references:

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